In addition, coverage of ambulance transports to and from a destination under these circumstances is limited to those cases where the transportation of the patient is less costly than bringing the service to the patient. For frequent transports of this kind subject to the contractor’s discretion, additional information may be required supporting the need for ambulance services relative to the option of admission to a treatment facility.
Specialized services are covered services that are not available at the facility in which the beneficiary is a patient.
The term “locality” with respect to ambulance service means the service area surrounding the institution to which individuals normally travel or are expected to travel to receive hospital or skilled nursing services.
EXAMPLE: Mr. A becomes ill at home and requires ambulance service to the hospital. The small community in which he lives has a 35-bed hospital. Two large metropolitan hospitals are located some distance from Mr. A's community and both regularly provide hospital services to the community's residents. The community is within the "locality" of both metropolitan hospitals and direct ambulance service to either of these (as well as to the local community hospital) is covered.
The term “appropriate facilities” means that the institution is generally equipped to provide the needed hospital or skilled nursing care for the illness or injury involved. In the case of a hospital, it also means that a physician or a physician specialist is available to provide the necessary care required to treat the patient’s condition. However, the fact that a particular physician does or does not have staff privileges in a hospital is not a consideration in determining whether the hospital has appropriate facilities. Thus, ambulance service to a more distant hospital solely to avail a patient of the service of a specific physician or physician specialist does not make the hospital in which the physician has staff privileges the nearest hospital with appropriate facilities.
The fact that a more distant institution is better equipped, either qualitatively or quantitatively, to care for the patient does not warrant a finding that a closer institution does not have “appropriate facilities.” Such a finding is warranted, however, if the beneficiary’s condition requires a higher level of trauma care or other specialized service available only at the more distant hospital. In addition, a legal impediment barring a patient’s admission would permit a finding that the institution did not have “appropriate facilities.” For example, the nearest tuberculosis hospital may be in another State and that State’s law precludes admission of nonresidents.
An institution is also not considered an appropriate facility if there is no bed available.
The contractor, however, will presume that there are beds available at the local institutions unless the claimant furnished evidence that none of these institutions had a bed available at the time the ambulance service was provided.
EXAMPLE: Mr. A becomes ill at home and requires ambulance service to the hospital. The hospitals servicing the community in which he lives are capable of providing general hospital care. However, Mr. A requires immediate kidney dialysis, and the needed equipment is not available in any of these hospitals. The service area of the nearest hospital having dialysis equipment does not encompass the patient’s home. Nevertheless, in this case, ambulance service beyond the locality to the hospital with the equipment is covered since it is the nearest one with appropriate facilities.